(b Moscow, 10 Aug. 1862; d Nice, 21 Nov. 1941)
Russian dancer, ballet master, and choreographer. He trained at the Moscow Theatre School and graduated into the Bolshoi Ballet in 1882. He was promoted to premier danseur in 1886 and ballet master in 1898. Among the ballets he made for the Bolshoi were Stars (1898), Magic Dreams (1898), and The Magic Slipper (1899). In 1903 he left the Bolshoi and Russia, opening a ballet school in Paris and becoming ballet master of the Paris Opera (1909–14). At the Opera he choreographed Rusalka (1911), Les Bacchantes (1912), and Suite de danses (1913), among others. He was then ballet master of Anna Pavlova's company from 1914 until her death in 1931 and choreographed some of the most popular ballets in her repertoire, including The Fairy Doll, Gavotte Pavlova, and an abridged version of The Sleeping Beauty.