Clyde–Carlingford Culture

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Vere Gordon Childe (1892—1957) prehistorian and labour theorist

Stuart Piggott (1910—1996) archaeologist


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Now obsolete term coined by Gordon Childe in the 1930s and developed by Stuart Piggott in the 1950s to refer to the middle Neolithic communities living around the North Channel in southwestern Scotland, northern Ireland, and the Isle of Man. One of the main claims for the identity of this grouping was the form and distribution of long barrows—the so‐called Clyde–Carlingford tombs—with deeply concave forecourts, orthostatic façades, and linear arrangement to the chambers which lead into the cairn from the back of the forecourt. Investigations in Scotland by Jack Scott and in Ireland by Ruaidhri de Valera and others during the 1950s and 1960s showed that the similarities noted by Childe and Piggott were rather superficial and that the structures in southwest Scotland should be considered Clyde cairns, while those in Ireland were part of a more widespread tradition of long barrow construction in Ireland, where examples are known as court cairns. See also Carlingford Culture.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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