A system developed to permitthe direct observation, analysis, and coding of a coach's behaviour in a natural setting. It consists of 12 behavioural classes divided into eight kinds of reactive behaviour and four kinds of spontaneous behaviour. Reactive behaviour of a coach occurs in response to an athlete's behaviour and level of performance. Spontaneous behaviour is not provoked or directly linked to the observed performance of the athlete, and the behaviour may be either relevant or irrelevant to a game or performance. In one major study, approximately two-thirds of all observed behaviours fell into the categories of positive reinforcement, general technical instructions, or general encouragement. The observed behaviour of the coach can be compared with athletes’ perception of the coach's behaviour and the coach's self-perception. Coaching behaviour can be modified with training.
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.