coaching styles

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A description of the behaviour and leadership approach taken by a coach. Traditionally, there are two broad types of coaching style: democratic and autocratic. The democratic style is cooperative and athlete-centred, seeking to develop the intrinsic motivation of the athlete and willing to share control and decision-making. The autocratic style is tightly structured, controlling, and task-orientated. Both categories of coach are widely seen in sport and neither style is inherently superior. This bipolar categorization is considered by many theorists as too simple and sports psychologists have developed more sophisticated approaches, such as Chelladurai's multi-dimensional model or Smoll and Smith's leadership behaviour model.

Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

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