Eleanor Coade

(1733—1821) manufacturer of artificial stone

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Manufacturer and marketer of a type of fine, hard, water-resistant, artificial stone known as Coade Stone, made in Lambeth from 1769. Consisting of China clay, sand, and crushed material that had already been fired, it was used for architectural ornaments and components such as capitals, keystones, and even funerary monuments. The product was also called Lithodipyra, meaning twice-fired stone, and its stability during firing enabled the finished size of an artefact to be accurately estimated during modelling.

A. Kelly (1990);Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004)

Subjects: Architecture.

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