(d Antwerp, c.1526).
Netherlandish painter, perhaps to be identified with a ‘Jan van Leyden’ who became a master in the Antwerp painters' guild in 1503. He is a shadowy figure and the reconstruction of his oeuvre is controversial, but he is noteworthy as one of the earliest followers of Bosch, his penchant seemingly being small pictures of hermits and saints in weird landscapes. He had two artist sons, Matthys (c.1509–c.1548) and Hieronymus or Jerome (c.1510–70), both of whom worked in Antwerp. Matthys was renowned in his day as a landscapist and is mentioned by Vasari as well as van Mander, but little is known for certain of his work. Jerome was an etcher and the leading print publisher of his time in northern Europe; his business was called ‘Aux Quatre Vents’ (At the Sign of the Four Winds). Pieter Bruegel was much employed by him in the earlier part of his career, when he excelled at prints in the tradition of Bosch.