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Or cocklers gather shellfish (cockles) from the sand at low tide. This traditional British occupation attained notoriety in 2004 when 23 Chinese migrant workers, hired as cocklepickers were drowned in Morecambe Bay in Lancashire. The tragedy exposed the poor working conditions of many economic migrants to Britain (and other developed countries), particularly those who enter illegally and who are extremely vulnerable to exploitative treatment by employers or gangmasters. The furore generated by the cocklepickers' deaths led to the passing of Gangmasters (Licensing) Act 2004. [See forced labour, trafficking, and undocumented worker.]

Subjects: Human Resource Management.

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