(1897–1967) British physicist,
who joined Rutherford at the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, where with Ernest Walton (1903–95) he built a linear accelerator. In 1932, using the apparatus to bombard lithium nuclei with protons, they produced the first artificial nuclear transformation. For this work they were awarded the 1951 Nobel Prize.
Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).