*Hypotheses about the (unconscious) mental processes involved in making sense of film and television codes and conventions (not to be confused with psychoanalytic theory). Cognitive film theorists have argued that the comprehension of films depends more on inference than on the decoding emphasized in structuralism. Spectators frame and resolve hypotheses about the narrative enigmas they encounter (see also hermeneutic code). See also constructivism; compare relevance theory.
Subjects: Media Studies.