collective effort model

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In psychology, a model proposing that working on tasks as part of a group tends to weaken individual motivation by (1) lowering the individual's expectancy that his or her actions can lead to the attainment of goals and (2) reducing the subjective value of these goals to the individual. See social loafing; sucker effect. See also path-goal leadership model; valence-instrumentality-expectancy theory.

Subjects: Business and Management.

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