A tertiary institution offering a wide curriculum which provides vocational education and training from entry level up to foundation degree level across a broad range of areas, and can also include basic skills programmes, General Certificate of Education Advanced Level programmes, teacher training for the sector, and adult and community education. Many were originally known as technical colleges. The Further and Higher Education Act 1992 removed colleges from local authority control and funding and established them as independent corporate bodies which received funding through the Further Education Funding Council, a function currently served by the Learning and Skills Council. The removal of colleges from local authority control and the granting of their right to manage their own budgets became known as incorporation. Colleges' role as centres of skills training was defined in the Foster Report of 2005. Since 2007 teachers in the sector are required to have qualified teacher learning and skills status. See also college self‐assessment; further education; parity of esteem.