Karl Marx's utopian conception of how production would be organized under communism. In his writings on alienated labour, Marx identified the alienation of human beings from each other as a direct consequence of their alienation from their very being. The transcendence of alienation would involve the creation of ‘free and associated labour’ as part of the broader emancipation of labour; that is, doing away with state parasites and those who do not work at all, or who work to enslave others. Collective labour would be a part of the wider co-operative production, abolishing the anarchy of capitalist production, and involving the administration of things rather than the management of people. Individuals would no longer treat each other as competitors for jobs, advantage, and scarce resources, but would in the realm of ‘use value’ produce collectively for their common genuine needs.