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Adriaen Collaert (c. 1560—1618)


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Adriaen Collaert (c. 1560—1618)


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Flemish family of artists. The earliest known member of the family is the painter Jan Collaert I (b ?Brussels, c. 1470 or earlier; d c. 1524 or later). Hans [Jan] Collaert I (b Antwerp, c. 1530; d Antwerp, 1581) was an engraver and draughtsman. He is not recorded in the records of the Antwerp Guild of St Luke but worked as an engraver after drawings by Lambert Lombard (e.g. Moses Striking Water from the Rocks, pubd by Hieronymous Cock, 1555; Hollstein, no. 1) and Crispin van den Broeck (e.g. the Virgin and Child on the Crescent Moon, 1576; Hollstein, no. 2). He also executed several series of ornamental engravings, for instance Friezes with Birds (pubd by Hans Liefrinck; Hollstein, nos 51–62) and Monilium. Bullarum inauriumque artificiosissimae icones (pubd by P. Galle, 1581; Hollstein, nos 209–18). He also made the drawings for the second part of the latter series, Bullarum inaurium … archetypi arteficiosi (pubd by Galle, 1582; Hollstein, nos 199–208), which was engraved by his son Hans Collaert II [Jan Baptist Collaert I] (b Antwerp, 1566; d Antwerp, 25–6 April 1628). Hans the younger was an engraver and painter, who was admitted into the Antwerp Guild of St Luke in 1585 as a master's son. He was the dean of the Guild from 1610 to 1613. Among his pupils were C. de Boekele (1597), J. Basilier (1600), A. Loemans (1620) and A. van der Does (1627). Hans II worked mainly as a reproductive engraver after the works of Marten de Vos, Hans Bol, Josse de Momper, Johannes Stradanus, Hendrick Goltzius, Phillip Galle and Tobias Verhaecht. Among his most important works are the series Icones illustrum feminarum Novi (Veteris) Testamenti after de Vos (Hollstein, nos 13–32), the Views of the Environs of Brussels after Bol (Hollstein, nos 149–72) and the hunting scenes, Venationes (Hollstein, nos 173–88), after Stradanus. Hans the younger was a noted designer of ornaments, and there are several series depicting ornamental jewels by him, including the Bullarum inaurium … archetypi arteficiosi, after designs by his father. Some of Hans the younger's engravings are jointly signed by adriaen Collaert, with whom he collaborated regularly.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.