Adriaen Collaert

(c. 1560—1618)

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(b Antwerp, c. 1560; d Antwerp, 29 June 1618). Flemish draughtsman, engraver, print publisher and dealer. He was probably trained by the engraver and publisher Philip Galle, whose daughter Justa (d 1616) he married in 1586, and with whom he collaborated. In 1580 Adriaen was admitted to the Antwerp Guild of St Luke as a master's son; in 1596 and 1597 he was respectively assistant dean and dean. Collaert produced a notable and extensive oeuvre of c. 600 engravings, including various series after his own drawings of birds, fish and animals (e.g. Animalium quadrupedum, Hollstein, nos 596–615; and Avium vivae icones, 1580; Hollstein, nos 616–47; see fig.). Also after his own designs are the series of engravings of the Four Elements (pubd by himself; Hollstein, nos 453–6) and Flowers (pubd by Theodor Galle (1571–1633); Hollstein, nos 679–702). All these rather uneven compositions are characterized by the faithful representation of nature. Collaert's own compositions often include decorative borders consisting of flowers, animals and grotesques. This suggests he was important as a designer of ornament. However, by far the majority of his work comprises engravings after other Netherlandish artists, including Hans Bol, Josse de Momper, Marten de Vos, Crispin van den Broeck, Hendrick Goltzius and Pieter de Jode. These include the Landscapes with Religious Scenes after Bol (Hollstein, nos 479–502), the Four Continents (Hollstein, nos 471–4) after de Vos and John the Baptist in the Wilderness (Hollstein, no. 147) after Goltzius. Adriaen Collaert's sober, refined and supple burin style resembles that of his father-in-law.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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