A farming organization identified with socialist regimes. The farm is owned by the state, but leased to the members of the collective, and the workers are shareholders, not state employees. The collective is, in theory, self-governing, although the state may set production targets. See Rausing (2007) J. Royal Anthr. Inst. 13, 2 on the end of a collective farm in post-Soviet Estonia.
Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography.