Peter Collinson

(1694—1768) botanist

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John Bartram (1699—1777) botanist and explorer in America

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(1694–1768), English Quaker and plant collector who introduced many North American plants into English gardens. He lived all his life in and around London where the family business was that of wholesale woollen drapers. The firm had strong connections with the North American colonies which, later, proved of great benefit to his horticultural activities. Collinson was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1728, and about the same time was in correspondence with a remarkable botanist, John Bartram the Derbyshire Quaker, who had settled in Pennsylvania. Collinson's gardens at Peckham and later at Mill Hill (now Mill Hill School) were planted with some of his introductions. He enthusiastically supported Philip Miller at the Chelsea Physic Garden and others, by supplying plants and seeds he was sent from the New World. The diligence of the partnership between Bartram and Collinson resulted in about 200 new plants being introduced into Britain.

From The Oxford Companion to the Garden in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Lifestyle, Home, and Garden.

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