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A general term referring to the period c.ad 550–900 in North America, being one of the five main cultural‐historical stages defined for the archaeology of southwestern parts of the USA. Succeeding the Pioneer Phase and preceding the Sedentary Phase, the Colonial Phase is characterized by the expansion of agriculturalist communities whose origins lay in the Pioneer Phase. Increasingly sophisticated irrigation was developed so that two harvests a year could be taken.

Subjects: United States History.

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