The domesticated pigeon. In nature the species is called the rock dove. Its haploid chromosome number is 40, and its C value is 1.46 pg of DNA. Charles Darwin bred pigeons, and in his Origin of Species described the numerous variations that had been selected by pigeon fanciers. There are currently at least 200 breeds, including those selected for homing and racing. See Classification, Aves, Columbiformes.
Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.