Columbia, the Gem of the Ocean

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Amer. anthem written and comp. 1843 by Thomas à Becket (1808–90), Eng.‐born actor and musician, for concert at museum in Philadelphia. Commissioned by singer, David T. Shaw, who falsely claimed authorship when he pubd. it. Quoted by Ives in 18 works, incl. 2nd and 4th syms. Brit. vers., Britannia, the Pride of the Ocean, pubd. 1852. Sometimes known as The Red, White, and Blue.

Subjects: Music.

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