First independent human rights organization in Saudi Arabia. Founded out of concern about a decline in Islamic standards after the Gulf War of 1990–91. Stated objectives reflect the diversity of membership and include release of political prisoners, accountability of the royal family to the people, reforms in human rights, purification of Islam from tribal customs, strict application of Islamic law, and elimination of oppression and injustice. Established in 1993 by Muhammad al-Masari and based in London in 1994 after being officially banned in Saudi Arabia for alleged ties to terrorist and extremist groups. Members have been arrested, removed from jobs, and imprisoned. Split occurred with formation of Movement for the Islamic Revolution in Arabia (MIRA).
See also Masari, Muhammad al-