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  • Contemporary History (Post 1945)


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(Committee for the Liberation of Upper Italy)

The Comitato di Liberazione Nazionale per l'Alta Italia coordinated the Italian resistance movements in the various regions of German‐occupied northern Italy from November 1943. In January 1944, it was invested with extraordinary powers of government in northern Italy by the CLN (Committee for National Liberation). By the summer of 1944, over 80,000 people were active in the resistance, and despite heavy casualties this grew to over 100,000 by April 1945. The CLNAI organized urban insurrections which led to the liberation of Florence in August 1944, and the surrender of Turin and Naples (amidst heavy casualties) in April 1945. It failed to gain the political recognition it desired from the Allies, so that it was forced to disband immediately upon the liberation of northern Italy. In June 1945, the predominant Action Party within the CLNAI was able to insist upon its candidate, Ferrucio Parri, to replace Bonomi as leader of the government. Parri's government gave a constant impression of incompetence, and he was replaced by De Gasperi in December 1945 to inaugurate over 40 years of Christian Democratic predominance in Italian politics.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

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