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CLN


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(Committee for National Liberation)

The Comitato di Liberazione Nazionale was the central organization which coordinated the resistance movements in German‐occupied Italy, established on 9 September 1943. In all, around 250,000 partisans were active in the Italian resistance, while the CLN itself was dominated by many politicians from the pre‐Fascist era. In the initial period after the armistice in 1943, relations between the royal government and the parties active in the CLN were very poor. The other parties of the CLN did not follow the Communists and enter Badoglio's government until 22 April 1944. The CLN formed the nucleus of the political system that emerged after World War II, as the three main parties of postwar Italy emerged from it: the Christian Democratic Party, the Socialist Party, and the Communist Party.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).


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