Overview

Common European Framework of Reference for Languages


Show Summary Details

Quick Reference

(CEFRL)

A set of descriptors relating to levels of language ability, which apply to any language and can be used as stage markers in language acquisition and use. Disseminated widely from 2001 and translated into about 30 languages, the CEFRL is an established and worldwide means of providing benchmarks in language ability, and is used to underpin the teaching and certification of language skills in most countries of the European community. It provides a framework consisting of learning objectives at six progressive levels, A1, A2, B1, B2, C1, and C2, together with associated competence descriptors in speaking, reading, writing, listening, and interacting. The descriptors are generic in that they can be applied to any language. In order to address language‐specific learning issues, however, specifications are under development to provide CEFRL frameworks for each European language, both national and regional. These are known as reference‐level descriptors (RLDs). The project for the development of RLDs for English language learning is known as English Profile, and is led by bodies including Cambridge University's Research Centre for English and Applied Linguistics, and the British Council. See also English for Speakers of Other Languages.

http://www.englishprofile.org Provides details on the development of RLDs for English.

Subjects: Education.


Reference entries

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.