Formed in 1942, Common Wealth was a merger of a movement Forward March, formed by the Liberal MP Sir Richard Acland, and the 1941 Committee of the playwright J. B. Priestley. An idealistic, socialist party, its membership was heavily middle class. The major parties had an electoral truce during the war, which gave a great fillip to Common Wealth. Once the electoral truce was over, Common Wealth suffered the fate of most new parties in Britain. After the election of 1945, Acland called upon the party to dissolve and for its members to enrol with Labour as individuals.
Subjects: British History.