An approach to interpersonal communication based on the metaphor of a game, with roles, rules, and goals. This approach emphasizes: shared conventions and expectations concerning social roles and appropriate communication styles, taking into account both formal and situational contexts; mutually receiver-oriented strategies; a range of communicative functions including establishing the relationship between the participants; the collaborative definition of interactional purpose and the mutual construction of social reality within the exchange. The concept is associated with the American psychologist E. Tory Higgins (b.1946). Compare constitutive models; interactional model; relational model; symbolic interactionism.
Subjects: Media Studies.