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(a poetic form derived from the Latin planctus), bewailing the vicissitudes of life (as in Hoccleve's Complaint) or addressed to a more particular end (such as Chaucer's ‘Complaint to his Purse’). The form is particularly common in poems up to the Renaissance; thereafter the terms ‘elegy’ and ‘lament’ were used.

Subjects: Literary Studies (Early and Medieval).

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