concept formation

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The process by which a concept is acquired or learnt, usually from exposure to examples of items that belong to the concept category and items that do not belong to it. In general, it involves learning to distinguish and recognize the relevant attributes according to which items are classified and the rules governing the combination of relevant attributes, which may be disjunctive, as in the concept of a coin, which may be circular, polygonal, or annular. Also called concept identification or concept learning. See also componential theory, feature comparison model, intuition, mismatch, overextension, prototype theory, semantics, 2-4-6 problem, underextension, Vygotsky blocks.

Subjects: Psychology.

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