French-Canadian Vicar-General for the Montréal region of the Diocese of Québec. He devised a standardized plan for churches, based on mid-C17 prototypes, in which the apsidal chancel was narrower than the nave, and transeptal chapels were provided. The gabled west front was pierced by a central door, with a smaller door on each side, and single or twin clochers were provided. Good examples of his work are the Churches of Ste-Marguerite, L'Acadie, Québec (1800–1), and Ste-Famille, Boucherville (1801). Such conservative (even backward-looking) architecture emphasized cultural and religious identity.