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Connacht


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Taking its name from the mythical Irish figure, Conn of the Hundred Battles, was, by the 8th cent., dominated by the Uí Briúin dynasty. Their hegemony was threatened by Anglo‐Norman colonization in the 13th cent., led by the de Burgh family. The establishment of the presidency of Connacht in 1570 and the shiring of the province thereafter led to piecemeal plantation, and in the aftermath of the rebellion of *1641 surviving catholic landholders were transported there, a process summed up in the aphorism ascribed to Cromwell ‘To hell or Connacht!’ It played a significant part in the *1798 rebellion, witnessing the landing of the French General Humbert at Killala, and Connacht was also the scene of much activity in the Land Wars of the late 19th cent., most memorably in the incident involving the land‐agent Captain Boycott.

Subjects: Religion — British History.


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