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Spanish soldiers and adventurers in the 16th century. The most famous conquistadores were Hérnan Cortés, the conqueror of Aztec Mexico, and Francisco Pizarro, the conqueror of Inca Peru; but there were many others. Their discoveries and conquests included the Caribbean, Latin America, southern and south-western USA, and the Philippines. Many would-be conquistadores explored immense areas but conquered nothing and founded no permanent settlements. As proper colonial administrations were established their activity diminished.

Subjects: Military History.

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