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The status of a text (in any medium) as something created, authored, composed, framed, mediated, and/or edited rather than being an unmediated slice of life or a window on the world (see magic window). A basic criterion involved in modality judgements about the reality status of texts. In realist texts constructedness is disguised, but viewers of television and film from 8-years-old (in some cases even younger) can recognize methods of media production and the use of certain formal features (e.g. filmic cuts), can distinguish fantasy from reality, and make distinctions between actors and the characters they play.

Subjects: Media Studies.

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