1 A generic term for the smallest identifiable stratigraphic unit recognized in an excavation; also known as a layer. Contexts may be positive in the sense of an accumulation or deposit of some kind, or negative where they represent a cut or the removal of something. In single‐context excavation all finds, samples, and records are directly linked to the contexts identified during the excavation process.
2 The position of an archaeological find in time and space, established by measuring and assessing its associations, matrix, and provenance. The assessment includes the study of what has happened to the find since it was buried in the ground.
2 The physical and cultural circumstances surrounding the deposition of archaeological material and the formation of archaeological deposits.