An analytical technique for exploring and predicting how the characteristics of persons and situations interact to determine certain types of behaviour. Each behavioural pattern of interest is characterized by a number of templates that are based on the personality descriptions of hypothetical persons most likely to exhibit that behaviour in the situation of interest. An individual's behaviour is predicted by comparing his or her personality description with that of each template. For example, with respect to self-confidence, templates could be constructed for an optimally self-confident person, one who has low self-confidence, and one who is overconfident in the situation of interest.
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.