contiguity law

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In the doctrine of associationism, the most basic law, introduced by the Scottish philosopher James Mill (1773–1836), according to which mental elements or ideas become associated when they are close to one another in time or space. Thus redness is associated with warmth because the two are often contiguous in everyday experience, as when one encounters a hearth full of glowing coals. See also grouping law. Compare frequency law, similarity law. [From Latin contigere to touch on all sides, from con- wholly + tangere to touch]

Subjects: Psychology.

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