A process in which very high volumes are produced on dedicated plant continuously, e.g. cement production or electricity generation. The plant usually involves very high capital expenditure. Unplanned shut-downs are very costly, typically involving a major refurbishment, for example to replace cracked furnace linings. Most continuous processes are largely self-controlling or are monitored by computer (see computer-aided manufacturing) with only minor operator involvement. The product is often made to stock and is therefore vulnerable to market fluctuations. Compare batch production. See process choice.
Subjects: Business and Management.