The procedures involved in validly creating, extinguishing, and transferring ownership of interests in land. Only a practising solicitor or licensed conveyancer may charge a fee for undertaking the most essential parts of such transactions. Under the Law of Property (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1989 contracts for the sale or disposition of land must be made in writing. Apart from preparing the deeds or other documents by which the transaction is effected, certain investigative steps are usually required: see feature Steps in Conveyancing. See also electronic conveyancing.