(1735–1800?) soldier, born in Ireland. A colonel in the French army, Conway volunteered his services to the United States. He was commissioned a brigadier general by Congress and fought at Brandywine and Germantown (both 1777). His correspondence with Gen. Horatio Gates, highly critical of George Washington, was taken by Washington and others as apparently fomenting a plot to remove Washington from command of the Continental army and replace him with Gates (called the “Conway Cabal”). Shunned by the Marquis de Lafayette and others loyal to Washington, he resigned his commission. After being severely wounded in duel with John Cadwalader (July 4, 1778) he wrote an apology to Washington.
From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.