An international convention that was adopted by UNESCO in 1972, which aims to encourage the identification, protection, and preservation of cultural and natural heritage. It recognizes that nature and culture are complementary and that cultural identity is strongly related to the natural environment in which it develops, and provides for the protection of those cultural and natural ‘properties’ that are regarded as being of greatest value to humanity. It is not intended to protect all properties of great interest, importance, or value, but to protect a select list of the most outstanding of these from an international viewpoint. Cultural heritage refers to monuments, groups of buildings, and sites with historical, aesthetic, archaeological, scientific, ethnological, or anthropological value. Natural heritage covers outstanding physical, biological, and geological formations, habitats of threatened species, and areas with scientific, conservation, or aesthetic value. The level of biodiversity within a given site is a key indicator of its importance as a natural property. Also known as the World Heritage Convention.
Subjects: Environmental Science.