Peter Cooper


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(1791–1883), New York inventor, financier, and philanthropist, designed and built the first steam locomotive, Tom Thumb (1830), rolled the first structural steel, and invented a cloth-shearing machine. He founded Cooper Union andcirculated millions of documents against the growing financial hierarchy of his time. In Ideas for a Science of Good Government (1883) he advocates a national monetary system based on legal tender, a protective tariff, and an effective civil service.

From The Oxford Companion to American Literature in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Literature.

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