Co-operative Commonwealth Federation

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A political party backed by farming interests, intellectuals concerned with social welfare, and some representatives of industrial labour, founded in Calgary in 1932 as a response to the Great Depression. It advocated the introduction of a welfare state and the nationalization of key industries. The party enhanced its appeal during World War II, when it benefited from hopes for a better postwar society. In 1943 it came second in the Ontario provincial elections, and in 1944 the CCF won the provincial elections in Saskatchewan, where it governed until 1964. During that time a pioneering universal health service (Medicare) was established, as well as an intercity bus company and public petrol distribution. Nationally, it gained 15.6 per cent of the popular vote in the 1945 general elections, but because of the Cold War, support for its socialist policies declined. The CCF merged with the Canadian Labour Congress in 1961 to form the New Democratic Party. Its most important legacy to Canadian history lies in the realm of welfare. Its growing support during World War II galvanized the ever‐pragmatic Mackenzie King to expand the welfare state.Social Credit Party; Union Nationale

Social Credit Party; Union Nationale

Subjects: History of the Americas — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

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