A native Egyptian in the Hellenistic and Roman periods; a member of the Coptic Church. Coptic, the language of the Copts, represents the final stage of ancient Egyptian. It now survives only as the liturgical language of the Coptic Church, the native Christian Church in Egypt, traditionally founded by St Mark, and adhering to the Monophysite doctrine rejected by the Council of Chalcedon. Long persecuted after the Muslim Arab conquest of Egypt in the 7th century, the Coptic community now make up about 5 per cent of Egypt's population.
The name comes via French Copte or modern Latin Coptus, from Arabic al-ḳibṭ, al-ḳubṭ ‘Copts’, and ultimately (via Coptic) from Greek Aiguptios ‘Egyptian’.
Subjects: Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE) — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).