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core job characteristics


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The five characteristics that have been identified by job characteristics theory as inducing the critical psychological states required for motivation at work:skill variety – the degree to which the job includes different activities drawing on several skills and abilities;task identity – the extent to which a person is able to complete a task from start to finish;task significance – the degree to which a person carrying out a task perceives it to be important to the organization and its clients;autonomy – the degree to which a person has discretion as to how and when the task will be done;feedback – the extent to which the person receives feedback on the quality of performance from the task itself.These core job characteristics are important to the psychological well-being of the individual. If they are lacking, then job satisfaction (and hence motivation) may well suffer unless a programme of job enlargement or job enrichment is instituted.

skill variety – the degree to which the job includes different activities drawing on several skills and abilities;

task identity – the extent to which a person is able to complete a task from start to finish;

task significance – the degree to which a person carrying out a task perceives it to be important to the organization and its clients;

autonomy – the degree to which a person has discretion as to how and when the task will be done;

feedback – the extent to which the person receives feedback on the quality of performance from the task itself.

Subjects: Business and Management.


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