Boston-born writer, graduated from Tufts University (1945), was much influenced by Charles Olson, edited Origin (1951–71), to which many Black Mountain authors contributed. His own spare poems, suggestive of the Orient, appeared in 49 slight collections from 1944 through 1975, including Thanksgiving Eclogue (1954) and Livingdying (1970). Aegis (1984) contains selected poems, 1970–1980. Long expatriated in Japan, he has also translated from the Japanese and written essays.
Subjects: Literary Studies (20th Century onwards).