(b Paris, 24 Dec. 1845; d Paris, 20 Mar. 1924).
French painter. He had a successful career both as a painter and a teacher (his pupils included Matisse, Toulouse-Lautrec, and van Gogh), but his reputation has not lasted well. His work included decorations at the Museum of Natural History and the Petit Palais in Paris and some excellent portraits, and he also had a penchant for paintings of prehistoric history (The Age of Stone, 1884, Mus. du Prieuré, Saint-Germain-en-Laye).