(b. 30 Apr. 1920).
Prime Minister (Taoiseach) of the Irish Republic 1973–7 Born in Dublin, the son of William T. Cosgrave, he was educated at King's Inns, Dublin. He then served in the army, and was elected to Dáil Éireann (the Irish parliament) in 1943 as a Fine Gael member. He was chairman of the committee of the Ministers of the Council of Europe in 1955, and led the first Irish delegation to the UN General Assembly in 1956. He became leader of Fine Gael in 1965, and in 1973 became Taoiseach and leader of the National Coalition Government. The deteriorating situation in Northern Ireland occupied much of his administration's attention, and an attempt at compromise (the Sunningdale Agreement of December 1973) met with little success. After his election defeat of 1977, he was succeeded as party leader by FitzGerald.
Subjects: Politics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).