Cosmas Indicopleustes

(fl. 545)

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(i.e. ‘Cosmas, the Indian navigator’, mid-6th cent.). He was a merchant of Alexandria, who may have become a monk. His ‘Christian Topography’ (c.547) attacks the Ptolemaic system in favour of various astronomical doctrines intended to harmonize with a literal understanding of the Bible; its chief value lies in its geographical information, especially on Sri Lanka, and its witness to the spread of Christianity.

Subjects: Christianity.

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