Cornelis Cort (van Hoorn)


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(b Hoorn, nr Alkmaar, 1533; d Rome, before 22 April 1578). North Netherlandish engraver and draughtsman, active in Flanders and Italy. His first documented works are a series of engravings issued by the Antwerp publisher Hieronymous Cock, beginning c. 1553. Cort may have been an apprentice within Cock's establishment, as none of these prints was inscribed with his name until after the plates had passed out of Cock's hands. A letter of 1567 to Titian (c. 1485/90–1576) from the Netherlandish writer and painter Domenicus Lampsonius (1532–99) describes Cock as Cort's master. By 1560 Cort had developed a bold and strongly modelled sculptural style of engraving, influenced in part by the Italian Giorgio Ghisi, who worked for Cock between 1550 and 1555. Cort was particularly successful in reproducing the Italianate figure compositions of Frans Floris, after whom he engraved more than 50 prints, notably the Liberal Arts (seven prints; 1565) and the Labours of Hercules (ten prints; 1565). He also reproduced compositions by Maarten van Heemskerck, Andrea del Sarto (1486–1530), Rogier van der Weyden and others while working for Cock.


From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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