The chief arm of government in the turbulent northern shires of Yorkshire, Durham, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Northumberland in the Tudor and early Stuart period. As duke of Gloucester in Edward IV's reign, Richard III had shared power in the north with the earl of Northumberland. Having seized the crown in 1483, he appointed Northumberland warden of the marches but created a separate council at York. Its importance in Elizabeth I's reign is indicated by the fact that, after the dangerous rising of the northern earls in 1569, the presidency was held by Lord Huntingdon, the queen's cousin, from 1572 until 1595, and by Lord Burghley, elder brother of Sir Robert Cecil, from 1599 until 1603. In 1628 Charles I appointed Strafford to be president. He retained the office while he was lord deputy in Ireland but in 1641 was attainted and executed. The council was abolished by the Long Parliament shortly afterwards. From the dissolution of the monasteries to its abolition, the council met in the King's Manor at York, the residence of the lord president.
Subjects: British History.