An initiative of the European Region of WHO that is modeled on the Finnish North Karelia project, in which active programs of health-behavior change, dietary interventions, traffic injury prevention, and the like, have been implemented to reduce the incidence and prevalence of preventable diseases and disabilities. See http://www.euro.who.int/eprise/main/WHO/Progs/CINDI/Home for details. An equivalent system was introduced in Latin American countries by the Pan American Health Organization, Conjunto de Acciones para la Reduccion de las Enfermedades Notransmissibles (CARMEN). This has been active since the mid-1990s. Comparable national programs have been established in Mauritius and Pakistan.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.