French sculptor, born in Angoulême. He moved to Paris with his parents in 1910 and originally trained as a commercial lithographer. In 1928 he met Maillol and became his friend and disciple. Although Couturier always spoke of Maillol with respect and gratitude, he eventually threw off his influence, preferring plaster to stone, and working towards a very different ideal of sculptural form—more attenuated, more open, and more expressive. His figures grew longer and thinner, developing into the ‘weightless’ style with which he is chiefly associated. In 1945 he became professor of sculpture at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris and from the 1950s he built up an international reputation. His major commissions included stone reliefs of The Arts (1960) for the French Embassy in Tokyo. An exhibition to celebrate his 100th birthday was held at the Musée Maillol, Paris in 2005.